Regulations for drones
Aircraft capable of flying without a pilot ( popularly also called drones ) with a maximum take-off mass of 150 kg regulates the conditions of the European Aviation Safety Agency of the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC ) No . 216/2008 of 20 February 2008 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency and repealing Council Directive 91/670 / EEC, Regulation (EC ) No . No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36 / EC, as amended . Furthermore , the requirements also with regard to the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC ) No . 785/2004 of 21 April 2004 on insurance requirements for air carriers and aircraft operators.
Aircraft capable of flying without a pilot with a maximum take-off mass of less than 150 kg may under § 7, para. 2 of Law no. 143/1998 Coll. on Civil Aviation (Aviation Act) and on amendments to certain laws operate flights in the airspace only under conditions that take into account the safety of the flight and to be decided by traffic authorities, in agreement with the Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic. Accordingly the same time, the requirements applicable to the flights of aircraft in the airspace of the Slovak Republic for aviation personnel, airworthiness of aircraft, perform air transport and aerial work.
Unmanned aircraft (hereinafter also "UAV" - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) means the aircraft is fit to fly without a pilot on board (§ 7 Aviation Act). Drones are divided into:
autonomous aircraft (ie. unmanned aircraft that does not allow input from the pilot to the flight control)
remote-controlled aircraft (ie. drone controlled from a station a person who controls such aircraft, and such a station is not on board the remotely controlled aircraft)
aircraft models (ie. unmanned aircraft used for non-commercial purposes only in sports, competitive or recreational purposes).
In all cases, a Slovak airspace obligation applies only operate an aircraft in accordance with the terms and conditions applicable to the use of airspace and consistent separation of aircraft eligible to fly without a pilot (regardless of weight) from manned aircraft!
If there is no decision of the Transport Authority in accordance with the operations manual of the holder of a license to conduct aerial work and fulfillment of additional conditions to the operator concerned otherwise authorized, the following applies:
An eligible operator of any aircraft to fly without a pilot:
He is responsible for the state and its UAV airworthiness.
It is responsible for the preparation and conduct of a flight.
must before making the flight become familiar with the actual use of airspace.
The UAV is (not?) permitted to fly:
excess within visual contact with the UAV operator or to a distance of more than 1000 m, whichever is less (hereinafter referred to as "visual contact").
closer than 50 m from any person, buildings, ships or vehicles with the exception of equipment and people in place to ensure take-off and landing,
in controlled airspace and in designated areas, including areas sensitive to noise from aircraft operations (eg. protected areas).
Nearby public and non-public general aviation airports (ie. sports airports) including heliports at a distance of less than 5 500 m from the reference point (ATZ zone) without permission and coordination with the airport operator or the Desktop Manager.
Altitude UAV, respectively. range of heights of space activities UAVs are expressed in feet (ft) or in meters (m). Kind to the measuring unit is part of a numerical expression of any height.
For purposes of coordinating the use of Coordinated Universal Time - UTC.
UAV flight must be conducted so as not to jeopardize the safety of other aircraft, persons or property on the ground and to ensure the protection of the environment against noise and emissions of pollutants from unmanned aircraft.
Let the UAV is recommended to perform at a distance of 1,500 meters from the densely built cities or meeting people in the open air if the drone powered by an internal combustion engine and has a maximum takeoff weight of more than 7 kg.
UAVs can be used for the carriage of persons, baggage, cargo and mail.
Dropping objects from unmanned aircraft during a flight is prohibited.
Execution of the flight of unmanned aircraft at night is prohibited.
During the flight must be on, flashing light UAV (where fitted).
Connecting UAV can perform under VMC in uncontrolled airspace "G" from the ground to a height of 330 ft / 100 m AGL so that UAV operators have continuous visual contact with the UAV.
Connecting UAV can be carried out so as to respect (ie. Not to fly over) densely built-up areas, rally people, areas or buffer zones (eg. Water resources, communications).
Required. (google translated) The person who controls the UAV , shall hold an appropriate certificate of professional spôsobilosti. Podmienkou to obtain this certificate requires passing the theoretical and practical tests to traffic authorities
UAV Registration and permission to fly
Required. (google translated)
If you operate as a UAV model airplane, ie . non-commercial purposes , only for sports , competitive or recreational purposes , it is necessary to meet the above conditions for the flights.
In proceeding with the traffic authorities a decisive factor Maximum takeoff weight UAV. When such a mass greater than 20 kg :
UAV is subject to registration of the transport authority
UAVs are subject to the insurance (European Parliament and Council Regulation ( EC) no. 785/2004 )
the person who controls the UAV must have issued a decision on the arrangements for the safe operation of the UAV (§ 7 Aviation Act ) the person who controls the UAV , shall hold an appropriate certificate of professional spôsobilosti.Podmienkou to obtain this certificate requires passing the theoretical and practical tests to traffic authorities.
Required (google translated) UAVs are subject to the insurance (European Parliament and Council Regulation ( EC) no. 785/2004 )