Drone Laws - Spain


La Agencia Estatal de Seguridad AĆ©rea (AESA) (State Aviation Safety Agency)
Drones (es)
Procedimento para habilitarse como operador de RPAS < 25kg (es)
RPAS ise for Commercial operators: Uso drones como herramientas de trabajo (es)
RPAS use for hobbiests: Recomendaciones uso drones (es)

Spain UAV Laws


(translated by google)

The field of remotely piloted aircraft, called drones or RPAS, has undergone tremendous growth in recent months. That is why it has become necessary to establish a legal framework for the development in safety of this new sector, technologically pointer and pop.

For this reason, it has established a temporary regulation rules drone operations and indicate the procedure to perform aerial activities, depending on the operating scenario and the weight of the aircraft.

State Aviation Safety Agency is responsible for regulating operations with drones up to 150 kg. To drones above this limit has been established regulation at European level and the agency responsible for regulating these aircraft is EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) Requirments to fly legally: All drones, without exception, must carry fixed in its structure a nameplate on which shall state, legibly and at first glance, the identification of the aircraft, by specific designation, serial number if applicable, operating company name and contact details of the same. In addition, weighing more than 25kg takeoff must be registered in the Register of Aircraft Registration and have EASA airworthiness certificate. Those weighing less , not have to meet these two requirements.

Training and licence requirements

All pilots of drones, regardless of the size of the aircraft, must certify a number of requirements: First, prove that possesses the necessary theoretical knowledge to obtain a pilot's license, which can be done in three ways: have or have had (in the past 5 years) a pilot license (any license, including glider, balloon or microlight) either way satisfactorily demonstrate that they have the theoretical knowledge to obtain (by means of theoretical knowledge certificate issued by a training organization approved by EASA, ATO, or, in the event that such knowledge correspond to a ultralight pilot license , by an individual certified as suitable after making the appropriate official examination of theoretical knowledge) or if the maximum takeoff weight does not exceed 25 kg through a basic or advanced

Procedure to qualify as RPAS operator

For the exercise of activities under Article 50.3 of the Law 18/2014 by remotely piloted aircraft up to 25 kg maximum take-off (MTOM) mass the applicant shall submit to the State Aviation Safety Agency prior notification and declaration of responsibility (art. 50.6 Law 18/2014) with a minimum of five days to opening day of the operation. escription of the stepscertificate issued by an approved training organization (ATO) after passing a course that purpose. The list of approved training organizations can be found here In addition, if they had a pilot's license, they must prove that they have more than 18 years Secondly, they must present a medical certificate Class LAPL (for aircraft up to 25 Kg) or Class 2 (for those over 25 kg). Since the rule governing the LAPL certificate is not effective until 2015, until then the certificate Class 2 is only available. They must finally prove that they have adequate knowledge of the aircraft that will drive and his driving, through a document that can be issued by the operator, the manufacturer of the aircraft or an organization authorized by it or by a approved training organization.


Currently you can use drones to conduct aerial work as listed below: research and development; air, pesticides and other treatments involving substances spread on the ground or the atmosphere, including product launch activities for firefighting; aerial surveys; observation and aerial surveillance activities including filming and monitoring of forest fires; aerial advertising, radio and TV, Emergency operations, search and rescue; and other special works not included in the above list. Although at first, and until it is approved the final regulation, the operations that can be performed they are limited to unpopulated areas and uncontrolled airspace.